IMSE Orton Gilligham Methodology
- The Dyslexia Reading Support Program is founded on the concepts and instructional approaches of Orton-Gillingham. The program focuses on a multi-sensory, structured language approach utilizing information and instructional strategies from The Institute for Multi-sensory Education (IMSE). The instructional program includes the components of phonemic awareness, graphophonemic knowledge, language structure, linguistic patterns, and strategy-oriented instruction in decoding, encoding, word recognition, fluency, and comprehension (19 TAC §74.28).
- The Orton-Gillingham approach combines multi-sensory techniques (auditory, kinesthetic, visual) along with the structure of the English language including phonemes and morphemes, prefixes, suffixes, roots and common spelling rules.
- Often Orton-Gillingham is interpreted as an approach only meant for reading remediation; however, the multi-sensory component impacts all children. The uniqueness of this type of instruction is that it allows the educator to capitalize on an individual student’s dominant learning modality while delivering instruction that will strengthen the remaining learning pathways.
- Emphasis is placed on early identification of children who are at risk for reading failure based on the characteristics of dyslexia. Once eligibility is determined, students begin with direct service, where instruction is provided with regular frequency in a small group.
- Instructional considerations for English Learners (ELs) with dyslexia may include building on a student’s native language knowledge and helping to transfer that knowledge to a second language.